This digital project focuses on the commodities exported from Africa to Europe during the nineteenth and twentieth century. The essays below focus on single commodity exports from different regions on the African continent. Each essay discusses the historical context and explores the available data in light of changing production processes in Africa and Europe. The data for this digital project comes from the African Commodity Trade Database published as:

Frankema, Ewout, Jeffrey Williamson and Pieter Woltjer. “An Economic Rationale for the West African Scramble? The Commercial Transition and the Commodity Price Boom of 1835-1885.” The Journal of Economic History 78, no. 1 (2018): 231-267.